Brexit Agreement Terms

Brexit Agreement Terms: An Overview

The Brexit Agreement, also known as the Withdrawal Agreement, is a legally binding agreement that outlines the terms of the United Kingdom`s departure from the European Union on January 31, 2020. The agreement covers key areas such as citizens` rights, the Northern Irish border, and the UK`s financial obligations to the EU.

Citizens` Rights

The Brexit Agreement enshrines the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and UK citizens living in the EU. This means that they will be able to continue to live, work, and study in their respective countries without fear of deportation or losing their social security benefits. The agreement also creates a mechanism for EU and UK citizens to obtain residency permits and establishes procedures for family reunification.

The Northern Irish Border

The Northern Irish border was a major sticking point during the Brexit negotiations, as it is the only land border between the UK and the EU. The Brexit Agreement establishes a protocol that ensures that there will be no hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. This means that the movement of people and goods across the border will be facilitated without the need for customs checks or controls.

Financial Obligations

One of the most contentious issues during the Brexit negotiations was the UK`s financial obligations to the EU. The Brexit Agreement establishes a financial settlement that includes the UK`s outstanding commitments to the EU budget and its share of the cost of ongoing EU programs. The payments are spread out over a transition period that ends on December 31, 2020.

Other Provisions

The Brexit Agreement also covers a range of other issues such as the protection of intellectual property, data protection, and dispute resolution. It establishes a Joint Committee made up of representatives from the EU and the UK to oversee the implementation of the agreement and resolve any disputes that may arise.


The Brexit Agreement provides a roadmap for the UK`s departure from the European Union and sets out the terms for an orderly transition. While it is not perfect and has been criticized by some, it represents a compromise between the EU and the UK that allows for an amicable separation. As the UK moves forward, it will be important to continue to work with the EU and other international partners to build a new relationship that benefits both parties.