On 17 October 2019, the United Kingdom and the EU approved a revised agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, which was endorsed by the Heads of State and Government at a special meeting of the European Council, a legally binding document containing provisions on the “divorce agreement” between the EU and the United Kingdom and on the transition period. (Agreement). The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement, with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (removal of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. Since March, the EU and the UK have continued regular rounds of negotiations despite the difficulties arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. The EU conducts its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, important differences have not yet been resolved in some areas. . . .