In accordance with Israel`s security needs, in order to facilitate the movement of people and goods within the West Bank and minimize disruptions to Palestinian life, the ongoing work between Israel and the United States to establish an agreed list of barriers to freedom of movement and to develop a plan to reduce them as much as possible will speed up the work so that the work can be completed by 31 December. Movement in the West Bank. The agreement provides for Israel and the United States to establish an agreed list by 31 December of the minimum number of checkpoints and roadblocks in the West Bank essential to maintaining security. It can be expected that this target date, as well as the arrival dates of convoys between Gaza and the West Bank, were strengthened before the Palestinian parliamentary elections scheduled for 25 January 2006 – a timetable intended to strengthen the image of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas among Palestinian voters. Movement between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The agreement organizes the transport of goods and people between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip through a system of convoys (accompanied) to address the transition period until a permanent link can be established (for example. B a railway or submerged roadway). Bus convoys are scheduled to begin on December 15 and truck convoys a month later. The implementation arrangements will be developed in a bilateral committee. The agreement recognizes in particular Israel`s security problems regarding the movement between Gaza and the West Bank, as trafficking between the two territories passes through Israel and could contribute to the introduction of new terrorist capabilities in the West Bank. Karni`s transition has been closed since 12 June 2007 due to the movement of goods inside and outside Gaza. The conveyor or slide for cereals, feed and gravel was open for five days (15,16,19,23 and 26 October), including 2 days during which the bulk track was open, compared to three days in the previous period. A total of 693 trucks of grain, feed, gravel and bulk goods crossed the two gaza routes, up from 389 in the previous reference period The Freedom of Movement and Access Agreement (AMA) is an agreement signed on 15 November 2005 between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA).
The treaty aimed to improve the freedom of movement of Palestinians and economic activities within the Palestinian territories, opening the border between Gaza and Egypt. According to OCHA, the number of traffic barriers in the West Bank has decreased slightly, from 505 to 496. Several times a year, OCHA establishes a comprehensive census of physical obstacles to the Palestinian movement in the West Bank. The figures provided here are based solely on OCHA field observations. Vehicles. Vehicles can only enter via Rafah after the introduction of the most advanced technological surveillance and security devices described in the agreement, in conjunction with training and controls by third parties. The implicit result of these conditions is that, until EU observers certify the Palestinian Authority`s inspection capacity, all Kerem Shalom vehicles will pass. The agreed principles for Rafah Crossing were part of the agreement. After the second intifada, which began in 2000, Israel severely restricted the freedom of movement of Palestinians within the Palestinian territories and between the territories and the rest of the world.